How do I grep a particular line in Unix?

The grep command searches through the file, looking for matches to the pattern specified. To use it type grep , then the pattern we’re searching for and finally the name of the file (or files) we’re searching in. The output is the three lines in the file that contain the letters ‘not’.

How do you search for a specific line in Unix?

To do this, press Esc , type the line number, and then press Shift-g . If you press Esc and then Shift-g without specifying a line number, it will take you to the last line in the file.

How do you grep an exact line?

Grep to Match First and Last Character.

You can also use the grep command to find an exact match by using the beginning(^) and ending($) character.

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How do I search for a specific line in Linux?

To do this, go to Edit -> Preferences and tick the box that says “Display line numbers.” You can also jump to a specific line number by using Ctrl + I .

How do I grep a line in Linux?

The grep command consists of three parts in its most basic form. The first part starts with grep , followed by the pattern that you are searching for. After the string comes the file name that the grep searches through. The command can contain many options, pattern variations, and file names.

How do I select a specific line in a file in Unix?

To extract a range of lines, say lines 2 to 4, you can execute either of the following:

  1. $ sed -n 2,4p somefile. txt.
  2. $ sed ‘2,4! d’ somefile. txt.

How do you get a specific line from a file Linux?

Using the head and tail commands, we can easily get the first and last parts of a file.

  1. First, we get line 1 to X using the head command: head -n X input.
  2. Then, we pipe the result from the first step to the tail command to get the last line: head -n X input | tail -1.

How do you grep exact value in Unix?

grep exact match with -w

From the man page of grep: -w, –word-regexp Select only those lines containing matches that form whole words. The test is that the matching substring must either be at the beginning of the line, or preceded by a non-word constituent character.

How do I grep only one word in Linux?

The easiest of the two commands is to use grep’s -w option. This will find only lines that contain your target word as a complete word. Run the command “grep -w hub” against your target file and you will only see lines that contain the word “hub” as a complete word.

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How do you grep a string with spaces in Linux?

If you want to allow for ANY space character (tab, space, newline, etc), then if you have a “grep” that supports EXTENDED regular expressions (with the ‘-E’ option), you can use ‘[[:space:]]’ to represent any space character.

By hiding it from the grep command:

  1. grep ‘ ‘ filename.
  2. grep filename.
  3. grep ” ” filename.

How do I show the middle line in Linux?

The command “head” is used to view the top lines of a file and command “tail” is used to view lines at the end.

How do you display the 10th line of a file in Unix?

Type the following head command to display first 10 lines of a file named “bar.txt”:

  1. head -10 bar.txt.
  2. head -20 bar.txt.
  3. sed -n 1,10p /etc/group.
  4. sed -n 1,20p /etc/group.
  5. awk ‘FNR <= 10’ /etc/passwd.
  6. awk ‘FNR <= 20’ /etc/passwd.
  7. perl -ne’1..10 and print’ /etc/passwd.
  8. perl -ne’1..20 and print’ /etc/passwd.

How do you display the first line of a text file in Unix?

To look at the first few lines of a file, type head filename, where filename is the name of the file you want to look at, and then press <Enter>. By default, head shows you the first 10 lines of a file. You can change this by typing head -number filename, where number is the number of lines you want to see.

How do you grep a log file within a specific time period in Linux?

Use the tail command to get the last 2-3 records as shown below. In the above log the date format is 20/Aug/2021:07:23:07 that is DD/MMM/YYYY:HH:MM:SS. Now here is the awk command to extract data for the last 2 minutes. In the above command, %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S is the format specifier of your date column.

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What is grep command in Unix with examples?

Grep Command in Unix with Simple Examples

  • Example: “^Name” matches all lines that start with the string “Name”. …
  • Example:“^. …
  • Example: “$*” will match the lines that contain the string “$*”
  • Example: “[aeiou]” will match all lines that contain a vowel. …
  • Examples:

How do I search for a specific word in a file in Linux?

How to Find a Specific Word in a File on Linux

  1. grep -Rw ‘/path/to/search/’ -e ‘pattern’
  2. grep –exclude=*.csv -Rw ‘/path/to/search’ -e ‘pattern’
  3. grep –exclude-dir={dir1,dir2,*_old} -Rw ‘/path/to/search’ -e ‘pattern’
  4. find . – name “*.php” -exec grep “pattern” {} ;